Monitoring and Evaluation
Evaluation of development programs serves a variety of purposes, including: 1) designing more effective programs, 2) modifying ongoing programs, 3) producing statistically credible demonstrations of results, 4) avoiding mistakes of the past, and 5) improving the allocation of development funding. Depending on the objective, donors and implementers can employ a range of monitoring and evaluation methods. Performance monitoring involves the tracking of project outputs and outcomes as indicators of project effectiveness, or the extent to which the project achieves its stated objectives. Performance monitoring is primarily a management tool indicating whether the project is on the right track to achieve its intended impact and, if not, how to get back on to the right track. Project evaluation refers to an assessment of project implementation, as measured against the project's scope of work, deliverables, personnel requirements, and so forth. Project evaluations may include a baseline and follow-up, but typically include a single observation point, often at or near the end of the project. Impact assessment is an evaluation whose purpose is specifically to attribute outcomes and impacts to project operations.
Read more about Monitoring and Evaluation in the Good Practice Center.