Resource Library

Browse for training, documents, and wiki content in our Resource Library with over 1,000 entries. Use the search box and/or filters on the left-hand side to refine the results by topic, document type, donor, and region/country.

Find a Resource

Showing 2136 results

2.4.1. Types of Horizontal Linkages

Ad hoc groups are usually local and informal, manage relations between members, and develop social capital. Producer societies/buyer clubs comprise members who live near one another. Community-based groups are focused on local development initiatives. Associations of producers, processors, traders or others are usually based on a specific product and require membership fees. Cooperatives are local or regional member-owned business organizations that offer a range of services and are registered wit

5.6.3. Resources for Assessing Conflict

Assessing Conflict NORAD, Assessment of Sustainability Elements / Key Risk Factors: A Practical Guide[1]: This practical Guide is helpful in identifying and documenting the effects, impacts and risks programs face in conflict-affected situations.

4.2.5. Overview of Very Poor Populations

Overview Poverty is commonly conceptualized in terms of income and measured using related indicators (e.g., percentage of people living on incomes of less than $1.25 or $2 per day).[1] Such measures are relatively simple to apply and do reflect a causal link between earnings and well-being. Yet although these indicators are informative, they risk an incorrect conclusion: that raising incomes alone is sufficient to reduce poverty.

5.6.8. Analytical Tools for Working with the Very Poor

There are a range of analytical tools available for application in working with the very poor, many of which are summarized in the toolkit Pathways out of Poverty:  Tools for Value Chain Development Practitioners.  Many of these tools are specifically applicable at the value chain selection and value chain analysis sections of the value chain project cycle, while other situational assessment tools can be applied through the cycle.

5.2.1. Impacts of Informal Rules on Value Chain Performance

Impact on Access Overt discrimination in access to markets is often observed as a consequence of gender-based rules. Cultural norms that restrict women’s ability to travel outside the home or village, and to talk or directly interact with men are a common phenomenon. In parts of Pakistan, for example, women handicraft producers can not leave their houses to go to the market.

4.2.1. Overview of At-Risk Youth

A large proportion of youth who reside in developing countries are presently ill-equipped to engage in profitable, rewarding livelihood strategies. Youth generally face significant barriers to entering the formal labor force, resulting in unemployment rates that are two to three times higher those of adults.

5.6.1. Resources on the Value Chain Approach and Vulnerable Populations

General Market Systems for Resilience, produced by ACDI/VOCA, focuses on the synergy and tensions between market systems development and resilience programming. It describes how markets are essential for resilience, and explores how markets themselves can be made resilient to shocks and stresses.

5.2.6. Methods of Influencing Informal Rules

Identifying Effective and Ineffective Practices A good first step in changing informal rules is to analyze which norms are beneficial and which are not. SDCAsia has had success in involving community members in a process to build on the best norms and discard the not-so-good norms. To promote the implementation of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) standards for Cardava banana farming, SDCAsia needed to change the norms of how farmers typically manage their Cardava farms.

2.2.6. Public-Private Dialogue

Introduction Regardless of whether a "top-down" or a "bottom-up" approach is taken, public-private dialogue (PPD) is an essential element of any business environment reform initiative. PPD has a range of potential impacts, but dialogue does not achieve anything on its own: PPD works by facilitating, accelerating or cementing ongoing initiatives that without the boost of stakeholder pressure would falter or fail. The most tangible benefits of PPD are the policy reforms it can precipitate.

4.3.9. Emerging Good Practices for Integrating Food Security and the Value Chain Approach

Although the interest in integrating food security and the value chain approach is recent, a number of good practices have already emerged from the experience of implementing agencies, donors and other development partners. These are presented here in accordance with the stage in the value chain project cycle when they are most relevant. A separate category has been added for emerging good practices that apply prior to value chain selection.

1.3.3. Vertical Linkages - Overview

Characteristics of Effective Vertical Linkages In many value chains there is a gap between what end markets want and what MSEs produce due to a win-lose mentality or lack of trust between vertically linked firms. As a result the flow of information between consumers and producers is blocked. Such inefficient vertical relationships negatively affect the competitiveness of the value chain and can prevent MSEs from effectively meeting market demand.

2.3.1. Recommended Good Practices for Strengthening Vertical Linkages

Understand the imperative for behavior change. The underlying rationale for inducing change should be clearly understood by project proponents before designing any intervention. In some cases, vertical linkages are already established and functioning well; interventions in such cases might risk damaging the existing relationships rather than strengthening them. A detailed objective analysis of existing vertical linkages and commercial and social relationships between firms should be conducted and the imperatives for change, if any, should be clearly understood.

5.2.9. Climate, Legal and Institutional Reform Tools (CLIR)

MicroCLIR MicroCLIR is a process developed to assess micro-level policy, regulatory, and institutional constraints impacting the performance of specific value chains. The MicroCLIR process was designed to examine how laws and policies, institutions, political economy, and social dynamics impact commercial activity within specific critical sectors.

4.3.1. Overview of Food availability and the value chain approach

Introduction Availability is defined by USAID as “[s]ufficient quantities of appropriate, necessary types of food from domestic production, commercial imports or donors other than USAID are consistently available to the individuals or are within reasonable proximity to them or are within their reach.”[1] Poor food availability frequently causes malnutrition when households cannot get access to adequate caloric intake or a sufficiently diverse range of food.  Food availability remains a problem fo

4.3.3. Overview of Food Access and the Value Chain Approach

Introduction Food access is defined by USAID as when “[i]ndividuals have adequate incomes or other resources to purchase or barter to obtain levels of appropriate foods needed to maintain consumption of an adequate diet/nutrition level.”[1] Access requires that individuals have enough resources to obtain or produce food. Households may lack adequate amounts to eat in spite of food being available.

4.3.5. Overview of Food Utilization and the Value Chain Approach

Introduction Food utilization is defined by USAID as: “[f]ood is properly used; proper food processing and storage techniques are employed; adequate knowledge of nutrition and child care techniques exists and is applied; and adequate health and sanitation services exist.”[1] Utilization is often used interchangeably with nutrition, yet while utilization focuses on nutrition; it also includes also food storage, processing, health and sanitation as they relate to nutrition.