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Working with Savings Groups During COVID-19

COVID-19 poses health and economic risks for savings groups as markets falter; and mobility and community gathering are restrained. This post highlights guidance from CARE to help implementers consider how best to support savings groups and their members during this crisis.

Report: Lessons Learned in Enterprise Development from Sri Lanka

The USAID BIZ+ program in Sri Lanka helped small and medium-sized businesses sustainably and effectively accelerate and grow. This work created over 8,000 jobs and leveraged over $22 million in private sector investment. This post highlights the program and the new Enterprise Development Report.

4.5.16. Sidecar Technical Assistance Facilities

DESCRIPTION Funds used to sponsor technical assistance for investees of one or more investment funds related to a priority geography, sector, or market segment (Source: FinTech Partnerships Playbook).

4.5.15. Pay for Results: Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs) and Social Payments

DESCRIPTION Arrangements whereby cash payments are made directly to needy households to stimulate investment in human capital upon meeting predetermined con (e.g., ensuring periodic health checks or school attendance).These programs seek to encourage behavior change to resolve social challenges through cash payments to benefit contingent on the beneficiaries meeting certain human capital investment requirements.

4.5.14. Pay for Results: Advance Market Commitments

DESCRIPTION Agreements to guarantee a price or market for a product upon its successful development, as a way to mitigate uncertainty in building products/markets (initially used to encourage vaccine production).

4.5.13. Pay for Results: Development Impact Bonds and Social Impact Bonds

DESCRIPTION Arrangements where private investors provide upfront capital for social services, and then are repaid with a success premium if successful by an outcome funder upon achievement of results by the implementer/service provider. A Social Impact Bond (SIB) involves a government entity as the outcome funder; a Development Impact Bond (DIB) is the application in a developing country context with a third party paying for the outcomes.

4.5.12. Pay for Results: Prizes

DESCRIPTION An arrangement where prizes (financial rewards) are awarded, usually through an open and competitive process, to one or more competitors that are successful at accomplishing a pre-specified desired result (which could be a fresh approach to a development challenge). Prize competitions mobilize a range of participants to try to achieve a desired result and select winners based on assessment of evidence of their achievements, rather than pre-selecting a single implementer.

4.5.10. Angel Investment Networks

DESCRIPTION Angel investors, also called informal investors, angel funders, private investors, seed investors or business angels, they invest in entrepreneurs and their businesses in the earliest phases. Angel investors typically invest their own money in exchange for equity or convertible debt.

4.5.8. Seed Funding

DESCRIPTION Seed funding can be described as grant funding into early-stage, high-risk and potentially high-reward projects to prove their viability, so that they can be further commercialized or scaled by private investors (Unlocking Capital for Development). As shown in the figure below, seed funding is indicative of where a business is in its lifecycle; as the first stage, “seed” is perceived to be the riskiest type of funding for investors.

4.5.7. Competitive Procurement and Reverse Auctions

DESCRIPTION “Competitive procurement is not unique to the energy sector, and is simply defined as a method for purchasing a product or service through an open and competitive process with multiple bidders. In the electricity sector, competitive procurement refers to the purchase of an energy or capacity product through a competitive tender process.

4.5.5. Subsidize Mobile and Electronic Banking

DESCRIPTION Payments systems that can strengthen the financial sector by reducing the time, risk and cost of transferring funds. Modern systems can facilitate digital payments, including mobile money, which enable more people to pay bills and transfer money electronically. Although FinTech products can be offered by banks and non-bank financial institutions alike, the last decade has seen the most innovation from FinTech start-ups and non-banks.

4.5.3. Strengthen Investment Promotion Agency Capacity

DESCRIPTION Many countries have some form of Investment Promotion Agency which have the potential to play a large role in identifying and promoting investment opportunities. Investment Promotion Agencies can have a strong impact in convening, creating forums and events in which those seeking finance can engage with finance providers (Source: Mobilizing Private Finance for Development: A Comprehensive Introduction).

4.5.2. Convene Market Stakeholders in Policy Conversations Regarding Financing

DESCRIPTION A sound and stable macroeconomic environment and the fiscal discipline that underpins it is an important driver of economic growth. For example, the potential for high inflation or currency devaluation is a strong deterrent to business investment. Poor or unstable fiscal policies discourage investment by increasing the risk of loss and making the potential for positive returns more uncertain.

4.5.1. Advocacy and Convening

DESCRIPTION USAID and other development agencies can have a strong impact in convening, creating forums and events in which those seeking finance can engage with finance providers.

4.5. Facilitators & Disrupters

Overview of new types of financial intermediators and facilitators with interventions to address these facilitators and disrupters.

4.4.7. Alternate Exchanges and SME Windows

DESCRIPTION “Since 2002, 20 African stock exchanges have created specialist SME boards to help SMEs gain access to equity. The SME board is a segment of the stock exchange, dedicated for trading the shares/ securities of SMEs, who otherwise find it difficult to get listed on the main board of the exchange. The concept originated from the difficulties faced by SMEs in gaining visibility and attracting sufficient trading volumes when listed along with bigger stocks on the main board.