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ASPIRES Evidence Briefs Series: Business Skills and Entrepreneurship Training and HIV Outcomes

Economic factors are linked to HIV risk behaviors, as well as outcomes, at every stage of the HIV care and treatment cascade. The ASPIRES project conducted an extensive review of the literature on these linkages to produce an evidence brief series highlighting how different household economic strengthening (HES) interventions may affect HIV prevention, testing, links to care, retention in care, and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence.

ASPIRES Vulnerability Assessment Handbook for Economic Strengthening Projects

This handbook will assist practitioners and specialists in monitoring and evaluation in the selection of vulnerability assessment approaches for economic strengthening interventions. The focus is on programs for orphans and vulnerable children supported by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), where economic strengthening is used to increase resilience to negative HIV-related outcomes for children. The handbook is intended primarily for development programs in relatively stable contexts rather than emergency relief work.

Vulnerability Assessments

Vulnerability assessments can help with designing programs to meet the needs of intended beneficiaries, more accurately target vulnerable households, and set indicative benchmarks for success.

ASPIRES Côte d’Ivoire Vulnerability Assessment Case Study

The purpose of this case study is to outline how the ASPIRES project designed a vulnerability assessment for the context of Côte d’Ivoire and for the needs of the USAID Health Office’s PEPFAR-funded Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) programs, demonstrate the process of the appropriate selection of tools and methods, and share lessons learned from the experience.

ASPIRES South Africa RCT Factsheet

At the request of the Prevention and Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) Team of the Health Development Office of USAID South Africa, FHI 360’s Accelerating Strategies for Practical Innovation & Research in Economic Strengthening (ASPIRES) project is carrying out a 4-year, $10 million program to improve the long-term economic security and HIV prevention knowledge and skills of at-risk youth in South Africa.

ASPIRES South Africa Factsheet

The Accelerating Strategies for Practical Innovation & Research in Economic Strengthening (ASPIRES) project, funded by USAID/PEPFAR and managed by FHI 360, supports gender-sensitive programming, research, and learning to improve the economic security of highly vulnerable individuals, families, and children. We offer research and technical assistance activities for economic strengthening programs around the world, including a major technical assistance program to support youth resilience to the effects of HIV/AIDS in South Africa.

Keeping Children and Families together with Economic Strengthening

This report is an overview of the key issues addressed during the “Keeping Children and Families together with Economic Strengthening” symposium funded by USAID’s Displaced Children and Orphan’s Fund (DCOF) and implemented by FHI 360 through the STRIVE project.

Economic Strengthening for Female Sex Workers: A Review of the Literature

Female sex workers (FSWs) have been identified as a key population in the global fight against AIDS. In concentrated, mixed, and even generalized epidemics, the contribution of sex work toward the onward transmission of HIV is substantial.  HIV risk is directly related to the economic vulnerability of FSWs, the vast majority of whom report entering sex work for financial reasons due to lack of alternative employment opportunities.