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LEAP III Ex-Post Evaluation of USAID/Zambia’s PROFIT+

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID)/Zambia requested the Learning, Evaluation, and Analysis III project (LEAP III) to conduct an ex-post evaluation of the Production, Finance, and Improved Technology Plus (PROFIT+) project, which was implemented from 2012 to 2017. The objective of PROFIT+ was to improve productivity, expand trade, and increase investments by developing functional market systems in rural areas.

Nine Years of the FIELD-Support LWA - An Overview

This report is an overview of the nine years of the FIELD-Support LWA. FIELD-Support was launched in November 2005 to be a versatile vehicle to contract a range of development activities. Originally consisting of nine leading development NGOs as core partners and 17 resource organizations, the FIELD-Support LWA portfolio has grown to include a range of multi-year cooperative agreements (Associate Awards), short-term field-based activities, quantitative and qualitative research studies and evaluations, and targeted country assessments and program design assignments for USAID Missions.

CARE’s Pathways to Empowerment

CARE’s Pathways program is based on the conviction that women farmers possess enormous potential to contribute to long-term food security for their families and substantially impact nutritional outcomes in sustainable ways.

What Kind of Agricultural Strategies Lead to Broad-Based Growth: Implications For Country-Led Agricultural Investment Programs

Without renewed attention to sustained agricultural productivity growth, most small farms in developing countries will become increasingly unviable economic and social units. Sustained agricultural productivity growth and poverty reduction will require progress on a number of fronts, most importantly increased public goods investments to agriculture; a policy environment that supports private investment in input, output, and financial markets and provision of key support services; a more level global trade policy environment; supportive donor programs; and improved governance.

PROFIT Zambia Evaluability Assessment

This Evaluability Assessment was completed prior to embarking on an impact assessment of the PROFIT Zambia Program. The document assesses the causal model underlying the program, the appropriateness of program design in light of its causal model, the program time frame, and other program characteristics. The results of the analysis are used to determine the appropriateness of conducting an impact assessment of the program and, if so, what the design/methodology of the impact assessment should be.

Lessons Learned From 25 Years of Food Security Research, Capacity-Building, and Outreach

This resource provides a coherent and helpful summary of the Michigan State University (MSU)’s Food Security Group’s research, primarily from Sub-Saharan Africa. Lessons are presented in four areas: The first, Agricultural Growth and Food Security Strategies, suggests that small shrinking farm sizes in many countries will prevent many farmers from escaping poverty from on-farm production alone. Investments in education and non-agricultural sectors will be important.

Food Aid and Food Security in the Short and Long Run: Country Experience from Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa

This document, produced under a primer series on social safety nets, assesses the role of food aid in improving food availability and food access. It is based on a synthesis of experiences in four countries:  India, Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Zambia. It concludes that food aid does not have to create negative impacts, particularly if it is tied to the development of infrastructure that supports production and market linkages, avoids creating negative price effects for food producers, and reaches the food insecure.

Nutrition and Food Security Impacts of Agriculture Projects: A Review of Experience

This review synthesizes the findings of a number of studies of agricultural projects conducted over the previous 30 years, including those funded by the United States Department for Agriculture, the United States Agency for International Development, and the International Food Research and Policy Institute as well as several independent studies. It finds that agricultural projects rarely measured the food security impacts that they aimed to achieved. As a result, the impacts of many projects on food security were not clear even following completion.

Smallholder Commercialization: Processes, Determinants and Impact

This paper by the International Livestock Research Institute reviews the available literature on smallholder commercialization. Of particular interest, the paper discusses the arguments for smallholders to scale-up and commercialize existing food crops versus beginning to produce completely new crops specifically for sale. The production of high-value crops typically generates greater returns for producers, but also typically implies greater risks and barriers to entry. In general, commercialization is found to be positive for families, though the impacts vary.