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The Nature of Conservation Enterprises

Small enterprise development is a common approach used by development organizations in biodiversity conservation, agriculture, and other economic growth strategies to generate increased income for rural communities. It is assumed that these benefits will lead participants to change behaviors related to agricultural practices or to natural resource exploitation, or that improved livelihoods will lead to better human development outcomes.

Zimbabwe Employment Market Opportunity Analysis

The ASPIRES Zimbabwe DREAMS Job Demand Market Analysis lays out a strategy to support youth employment and microenterprise development programs that place adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in jobs or self-employment, building on a comprehensive job demand market analysis tailored to the situation of AGYW in Zimbabwe.

Innovating the Future of Food Systems

GKI's new report, supported by The Rockefeller Foundation, examines the innovations need to reduce post-harvest loss and transform food systems in emerging markets over the next 20 years.

Youth Engagement in Agricultural Value Chains Across Feed the Future: A Synthesis Report

This report aims to inform Feed the Future (FTF) efforts moving forward to more strategically and deliberately engage youth in market systems by providing insights from current FTF country programs. Commissioned by USAID’s Bureau for Food Security/Office of Country Strategy and Implementation, a research team with the Leveraging Economic Opportunities (LEO) activity scanned all 19 FTF countries and analyzed four FTF country programs in more depth through site visits to Guatemala, Liberia, Nepal, and Uganda.

Review of Vulnerability Assessment Methods for Reintegration and Prevention of Child Separation

This report was prepared to inform planning in the USAID-funded ASPIRES project. It includes a review of some of the existing tools used to assess vulnerability to either separation or negative child well-being outcomes with attention to economic security for the purposes of targeting households for program participation and matching them to appropriate interventions. ASPIRES is sharing this report as an information resource with the wider interested community given its relevance to other actors working in this area.

Community-Based Microfinance for Orphans and Vulnerable Children: Literature Review

This review presents a synthesis of the literature on the impact of community-based microfinance approaches on the well-being of vulnerable children and youth, with a specific focus on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). It aims to collect, organize, and assess evidence for economic strengthening (ES) activities and to inform practice in significant ways.  

Review of Policy-Constrained Value Chain Initiatives

This report documents and provides an initial analysis of initiatives in Feed the Future projects designed to address policy-related constraints to value chain competitiveness, and, in particular, increased private sector investment.

Keeping Children and Families together with Economic Strengthening

This report is an overview of the key issues addressed during the “Keeping Children and Families together with Economic Strengthening” symposium funded by USAID’s Displaced Children and Orphan’s Fund (DCOF) and implemented by FHI 360 through the STRIVE project.

Can village savings and loan groups be a potential tool in the malnutrition fight? Mixed methods findings from Mozambique

Child malnutrition is a pervasive problem in sub-Saharan Africa that affects individual and national development. This article examines the impact of participation in village savings and loan (VSL) groups, alone and in combination with a rotating labor scheme called Ajuda Mútua (AM), on household and child nutritional outcomes in Nampula Province in Mozambique. It combines findings from an impact evaluation and a qualitative exploration of the dynamics underlying nutritional outcomes. Three pairs of districts were randomly allocated to two interventions (VSL or VSL + AM) or control.

The Impact of Microcredit Loans on Child Outcomes: A Review of the Literature

The subject of this literature review was to evaluate the existing literature regarding microcredit loans and their potential impacts on children of loan beneficiaries. 53 studies were included in the analysis based on established criteria. The results of these studies primarily fell into three categories: education and cognitive development, health and nutrition, and child labor.

Do Cash Transfers Increase the Wellbeing of Children? A Review of the Literature

This literature review provides a synthesis of findings from 51 studies evaluating the effectiveness of cash transfers in improving children’s wellbeing, focusing on their education and cognitive development, health and nutrition, and the likelihood of engaging in child labor. All studies discussed in this review look at indicators that fall into one of three categories: education, health, and the likelihood of a child working.

STRIVE Philippines Seaweed Sector: Final Evaluation

This paper reports findings from an evaluation of STRIVE Philippines activities in the seaweed sector. Action for Enterprise (AFE) employed a facilitated value chain approach primarily with two seaweed firms between 2008 and 2010 as part of the STRIVE program. STRIVE Philippines’ research agenda examines the outcomes of AFE’s seaweed value chain activities on lead firms, seaweed farmers and their families. Specifically, was there change in the economics of lead firms, income for households, and child wellbeing?

STRIVE Philippines Woven Products Sector: Final Evaluation

This paper reports findings from an evaluation of STRIVE Philippines activities in the woven product sector. The goal of STRIVE Philippines was to improve the wellbeing of vulnerable households—especially for the children and youth within those households—through a value chain approach to economic strengthening. STRIVE Philippines’ research agenda examines the outcomes of AFE’s woven product value chain activities on lead firms, producers (primarily weavers), raw material suppliers, and their families.