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Increasing Access and Adherence to the PMTCT Cascade: Is There a Role for Economic Strengthening Interventions?

Interventions aimed at the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV are extremely effective but remain underutilized in many countries. Common economic barriers to PMTCT experienced by pregnant women with HIV are well documented. Addressing these economic barriers has the potential to improve PMTCT utilization and further reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission. This review examines the evidence of the effects economic strengthening (ES) interventions have on use of and adherence to PMTCT and other health services relevant to PMTCT cascade.

Community-Based Microfinance for Orphans and Vulnerable Children: Literature Review

This review presents a synthesis of the literature on the impact of community-based microfinance approaches on the well-being of vulnerable children and youth, with a specific focus on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). It aims to collect, organize, and assess evidence for economic strengthening (ES) activities and to inform practice in significant ways.  

Review of Policy-Constrained Value Chain Initiatives

This report documents and provides an initial analysis of initiatives in Feed the Future projects designed to address policy-related constraints to value chain competitiveness, and, in particular, increased private sector investment.

Household Economic Strengthening in Support of Prevention of Family-Child Separation and Children’s Reintegration in Family Care

This paper summarizes learning related to prevention of family-child separation, reintegration of children in family care, and economic interventions that might support these aims. It was prepared to inform the focus and development of a project that aims to use rigorous research to develop the evidence base related to the ways in which household-level economic strengthening interventions in low- and middle-income countries can help prevent the separation of children from their families and assist in reintegrating separated children in family care.

Keeping Children and Families together with Economic Strengthening

This report is an overview of the key issues addressed during the “Keeping Children and Families together with Economic Strengthening” symposium funded by USAID’s Displaced Children and Orphan’s Fund (DCOF) and implemented by FHI 360 through the STRIVE project.

Monitoring Facilitation Activities

This report describes the findings and recommendations from a joint LEO/MPEP/BFS TDY to support USAID/Uganda in 2014. The purpose was to assist Mission staff in improving monitoring approaches for facilitation activities.

Economic Strengthening for Female Sex Workers: A Review of the Literature

Female sex workers (FSWs) have been identified as a key population in the global fight against AIDS. In concentrated, mixed, and even generalized epidemics, the contribution of sex work toward the onward transmission of HIV is substantial.  HIV risk is directly related to the economic vulnerability of FSWs, the vast majority of whom report entering sex work for financial reasons due to lack of alternative employment opportunities.