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Increasing Access and Adherence to the PMTCT Cascade: Is There a Role for Economic Strengthening Interventions?

Interventions aimed at the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV are extremely effective but remain underutilized in many countries. Common economic barriers to PMTCT experienced by pregnant women with HIV are well documented. Addressing these economic barriers has the potential to improve PMTCT utilization and further reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission. This review examines the evidence of the effects economic strengthening (ES) interventions have on use of and adherence to PMTCT and other health services relevant to PMTCT cascade.

Household Economic Strengthening in Support of Prevention of Family-Child Separation and Children’s Reintegration in Family Care

This paper summarizes learning related to prevention of family-child separation, reintegration of children in family care, and economic interventions that might support these aims. It was prepared to inform the focus and development of a project that aims to use rigorous research to develop the evidence base related to the ways in which household-level economic strengthening interventions in low- and middle-income countries can help prevent the separation of children from their families and assist in reintegrating separated children in family care.

Keeping Children and Families together with Economic Strengthening

This report is an overview of the key issues addressed during the “Keeping Children and Families together with Economic Strengthening” symposium funded by USAID’s Displaced Children and Orphan’s Fund (DCOF) and implemented by FHI 360 through the STRIVE project.

USAID's Contribution to Microfinance

This paper describes the path that USAID followed in supporting the microfinance industry since its formation in the 1960s, primarily from the perspective of the USAID/Washington. USAID's efforts to support microfinance coalesced under the Microenterprise Initiative, which began in 1994. Under the Initiative, USAID created the USAID/Washington Office of Microenterprise Development, which became the Agency's focal point for microfinance programming providing technical direction and industry leadership.

Monitoring Facilitation Activities

This report describes the findings and recommendations from a joint LEO/MPEP/BFS TDY to support USAID/Uganda in 2014. The purpose was to assist Mission staff in improving monitoring approaches for facilitation activities.

Economic Strengthening for Female Sex Workers: A Review of the Literature

Female sex workers (FSWs) have been identified as a key population in the global fight against AIDS. In concentrated, mixed, and even generalized epidemics, the contribution of sex work toward the onward transmission of HIV is substantial.  HIV risk is directly related to the economic vulnerability of FSWs, the vast majority of whom report entering sex work for financial reasons due to lack of alternative employment opportunities.