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ASPIRES Evidence Briefs Series: Business Skills and Entrepreneurship Training and HIV Outcomes

Economic factors are linked to HIV risk behaviors, as well as outcomes, at every stage of the HIV care and treatment cascade. The ASPIRES project conducted an extensive review of the literature on these linkages to produce an evidence brief series highlighting how different household economic strengthening (HES) interventions may affect HIV prevention, testing, links to care, retention in care, and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence.

Adolescent Girls Economic Vulnerability Tool Indicator Guide

The alarming gender and age disparity in the rate of new HIV infections in Sub-Saharan Africa has driven the development of new initiatives to address the needs of young women. One of these initiatives is DREAMS, a $385 million partnership to reduce HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women in 10 sub-Saharan African countries. DREAMS targets girls and young women aged 10-24 in addition to male sex partners.

Vulnerability Assessments

Vulnerability assessments can help with designing programs to meet the needs of intended beneficiaries, more accurately target vulnerable households, and set indicative benchmarks for success.

Evidence Base Report: Microinsurance for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

Although governments offer a range of social protection mechanisms, many OVC households remain vulnerable due to additional social, economic and psychological factors. Furthermore, social insurance, a systematic framework that allows a group of individuals to collectively spread their risk (Pitzer 2003, 3), typically excludes low-income households employed in the informal sector―leaving them vulnerable to shocks and prone to make risk-averse decisions that lead to sub-optimal development outcomes.

Review of Vulnerability Assessment Methods for Reintegration and Prevention of Child Separation

This report was prepared to inform planning in the USAID-funded ASPIRES project. It includes a review of some of the existing tools used to assess vulnerability to either separation or negative child well-being outcomes with attention to economic security for the purposes of targeting households for program participation and matching them to appropriate interventions. ASPIRES is sharing this report as an information resource with the wider interested community given its relevance to other actors working in this area.

Understanding the Financial Lives of Female Sex Workers

FHI 360 Associate Scientist Emily Namey presents the results of formative research conducted to understand the financial lives of female sex workers in Cote d'Ivoire. This research was conducted by the USAID-funded ASPIRES project. This presentation was made at the International AIDS Society Conference 2015.

ASPIRES South Africa RCT Factsheet

At the request of the Prevention and Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) Team of the Health Development Office of USAID South Africa, FHI 360’s Accelerating Strategies for Practical Innovation & Research in Economic Strengthening (ASPIRES) project is carrying out a 4-year, $10 million program to improve the long-term economic security and HIV prevention knowledge and skills of at-risk youth in South Africa.

ASPIRES South Africa Factsheet

The Accelerating Strategies for Practical Innovation & Research in Economic Strengthening (ASPIRES) project, funded by USAID/PEPFAR and managed by FHI 360, supports gender-sensitive programming, research, and learning to improve the economic security of highly vulnerable individuals, families, and children. We offer research and technical assistance activities for economic strengthening programs around the world, including a major technical assistance program to support youth resilience to the effects of HIV/AIDS in South Africa.

Keeping Children and Families together with Economic Strengthening

This report is an overview of the key issues addressed during the “Keeping Children and Families together with Economic Strengthening” symposium funded by USAID’s Displaced Children and Orphan’s Fund (DCOF) and implemented by FHI 360 through the STRIVE project.

Economic Strengthening for Female Sex Workers: A Review of the Literature

Female sex workers (FSWs) have been identified as a key population in the global fight against AIDS. In concentrated, mixed, and even generalized epidemics, the contribution of sex work toward the onward transmission of HIV is substantial.  HIV risk is directly related to the economic vulnerability of FSWs, the vast majority of whom report entering sex work for financial reasons due to lack of alternative employment opportunities.