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Zimbabwe Employment Market Opportunity Analysis

The ASPIRES Zimbabwe DREAMS Job Demand Market Analysis lays out a strategy to support youth employment and microenterprise development programs that place adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in jobs or self-employment, building on a comprehensive job demand market analysis tailored to the situation of AGYW in Zimbabwe.

Annotated Bibliography on Research Methods

This document offers an annotated bibliography of key resources on applied quantitative and qualitative research methods and ethics to give guidance for development practitioners and researchers working in resource-poor settings and with orphans and vulnerable children (OVC).

Savings Groups for Adolescents and Youth Affected by HIV: A Technical Guide

This guide’s focus is on HIV-affected young people aged 14–24 years who participate in youth-only adolescent and youth savings groups (AYSG).  While evidence about HES interventions with this population is limited, this guide draws on existing evidence and lays out guidance for implementing organizations and donors to make evidence- and practitioner-informed decisions about the design and implementation of AYSG programs that maximize benefits for, and minimize risks to, young people affected by or living with HIV.

Applying an OVC Lens to Public-Private Partnerships in Microinsurance

This Technical Guidance Brief series was commissioned by ASPIRES, through FHI 360, to explore the state of the practice of microinsurance, with an emphasis on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) households. The Evidence Base Report on Microinsurance for Orphans and Vulnerable Children identified a number of knowledge gaps in the literature that have formed the basis for a series of four technical guidance briefs (TGBs), covering:  1) The role of microinsurance in the social protection space;

OVC-Relevant Health Microinsurance

This Technical Guidance Brief series was commissioned by ASPIRES, through FHI 360, to explore the state of the practice of microinsurance, with an emphasis on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) households. The Evidence Base Report on Microinsurance for Orphans and Vulnerable Children identified a number of knowledge gaps in the literature that have formed the basis for a series of four technical guidance briefs (TGBs), covering:  1) The role of microinsurance in the social protection space;

The Role of Microinsurance vis-a-vis Other Social Protection Mechanisms for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

This Technical Guidance Brief series was commissioned by ASPIRES, through FHI 360, to explore the state of the practice of microinsurance, with an emphasis on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) households. The Evidence Base Report on Microinsurance for Orphans and Vulnerable Children identified a number of knowledge gaps in the literature that have formed the basis for a series of four technical guidance briefs (TGBs), covering:  1) The role of microinsurance in the social protection space;

Identifying Economic Status Indicators for Adolescent Girls in DREAMS Programs

The alarming gender and age disparity in the rate of new HIV infections in Sub-Saharan Africa has driven the development of new initiatives to address the needs of young women. One of these initiatives is DREAMS (Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored and Safe), a $385 million partnership to reduce HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women in 10 sub-Saharan African countries. DREAMS targets girls and young women aged 10-24 and their male sex partners.

ASPIRES Vulnerability Assessment Handbook for Economic Strengthening Projects

This handbook will assist practitioners and specialists in monitoring and evaluation in the selection of vulnerability assessment approaches for economic strengthening interventions. The focus is on programs for orphans and vulnerable children supported by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), where economic strengthening is used to increase resilience to negative HIV-related outcomes for children. The handbook is intended primarily for development programs in relatively stable contexts rather than emergency relief work.

Vulnerability Assessments

Vulnerability assessments can help with designing programs to meet the needs of intended beneficiaries, more accurately target vulnerable households, and set indicative benchmarks for success.

Building the Skills of Youth to Engage in Employment, Entrepreneurship, and Education

Over the next decade, roughly one billion youth will enter the workforce. Young people, especially young women, who know how to find academic or vocational programs to expand their knowledge and skills, understand how to look for a job, are able to adapt to workplace dynamics, and are entrepreneurial will have the best chances of attaining sustainable livelihoods that enable them to avoid risky behaviors associated with HIV.

Skills-based, Participatory Training for HIV Risk Reduction Among Youth

To adopt healthy sexual behavior, young people need to have accurate information (key facts), opportunities to consider how this information applies to their lives (values and attitudes) and to feel good enough about themselves to think that they are worth looking after (self-esteem). They also need the skills to act on their new understanding, in a way that is consistent with their knowledge and values.

Economic Strengthening Interventions to Address Known Barriers to PMTCT and Improve Health Outcomes: Review of the Evidence

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is known to be a significant contributor to infant morbidity and mortality in many countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Strategies for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) dramatically reduce the risk of HIV transmission to an infant—from nearly 40 percent to less than five percent. The PMTCT services can also serve as a gateway for HIV prevention, treatment, care, and support services for the mother and the whole family.

Review of Vulnerability Assessment Methods for Reintegration and Prevention of Child Separation

This report was prepared to inform planning in the USAID-funded ASPIRES project. It includes a review of some of the existing tools used to assess vulnerability to either separation or negative child well-being outcomes with attention to economic security for the purposes of targeting households for program participation and matching them to appropriate interventions. ASPIRES is sharing this report as an information resource with the wider interested community given its relevance to other actors working in this area.

Community-Based Microfinance for Orphans and Vulnerable Children: Literature Review

This review presents a synthesis of the literature on the impact of community-based microfinance approaches on the well-being of vulnerable children and youth, with a specific focus on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). It aims to collect, organize, and assess evidence for economic strengthening (ES) activities and to inform practice in significant ways.  

ASPIRES South Africa Factsheet

The Accelerating Strategies for Practical Innovation & Research in Economic Strengthening (ASPIRES) project, funded by USAID/PEPFAR and managed by FHI 360, supports gender-sensitive programming, research, and learning to improve the economic security of highly vulnerable individuals, families, and children. We offer research and technical assistance activities for economic strengthening programs around the world, including a major technical assistance program to support youth resilience to the effects of HIV/AIDS in South Africa.