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Zimbabwe Employment Market Opportunity Analysis

The ASPIRES Zimbabwe DREAMS Job Demand Market Analysis lays out a strategy to support youth employment and microenterprise development programs that place adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in jobs or self-employment, building on a comprehensive job demand market analysis tailored to the situation of AGYW in Zimbabwe.

Savings Groups for Adolescents and Youth Affected by HIV: A Technical Guide

This guide’s focus is on HIV-affected young people aged 14–24 years who participate in youth-only adolescent and youth savings groups (AYSG).  While evidence about HES interventions with this population is limited, this guide draws on existing evidence and lays out guidance for implementing organizations and donors to make evidence- and practitioner-informed decisions about the design and implementation of AYSG programs that maximize benefits for, and minimize risks to, young people affected by or living with HIV.

Exploring Savings-Linked Microinsurance for Orphans and Vulnerable Children

This Technical Guidance Brief series was commissioned by ASPIRES, through FHI 360, to explore the state of the practice of microinsurance, with an emphasis on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) households. The Evidence Base Report on Microinsurance for Orphans and Vulnerable Children identified a number of knowledge gaps in the literature that have formed the basis for a series of four technical guidance briefs (TGBs), covering:  1) The role of microinsurance in the social protection space;

Adolescent Girls Economic Vulnerability Tool Indicator Guide

The alarming gender and age disparity in the rate of new HIV infections in Sub-Saharan Africa has driven the development of new initiatives to address the needs of young women. One of these initiatives is DREAMS, a $385 million partnership to reduce HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women in 10 sub-Saharan African countries. DREAMS targets girls and young women aged 10-24 in addition to male sex partners.

Identifying Economic Status Indicators for Adolescent Girls in DREAMS Programs

The alarming gender and age disparity in the rate of new HIV infections in Sub-Saharan Africa has driven the development of new initiatives to address the needs of young women. One of these initiatives is DREAMS (Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored and Safe), a $385 million partnership to reduce HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women in 10 sub-Saharan African countries. DREAMS targets girls and young women aged 10-24 and their male sex partners.

Vulnerability Assessments

Vulnerability assessments can help with designing programs to meet the needs of intended beneficiaries, more accurately target vulnerable households, and set indicative benchmarks for success.

Economic Strengthening Interventions to Address Known Barriers to PMTCT and Improve Health Outcomes: Review of the Evidence

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is known to be a significant contributor to infant morbidity and mortality in many countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Strategies for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) dramatically reduce the risk of HIV transmission to an infant—from nearly 40 percent to less than five percent. The PMTCT services can also serve as a gateway for HIV prevention, treatment, care, and support services for the mother and the whole family.

Review of Vulnerability Assessment Methods for Reintegration and Prevention of Child Separation

This report was prepared to inform planning in the USAID-funded ASPIRES project. It includes a review of some of the existing tools used to assess vulnerability to either separation or negative child well-being outcomes with attention to economic security for the purposes of targeting households for program participation and matching them to appropriate interventions. ASPIRES is sharing this report as an information resource with the wider interested community given its relevance to other actors working in this area.

Community-Based Microfinance for Orphans and Vulnerable Children: Literature Review

This review presents a synthesis of the literature on the impact of community-based microfinance approaches on the well-being of vulnerable children and youth, with a specific focus on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). It aims to collect, organize, and assess evidence for economic strengthening (ES) activities and to inform practice in significant ways.  

Keeping Children and Families together with Economic Strengthening

This report is an overview of the key issues addressed during the “Keeping Children and Families together with Economic Strengthening” symposium funded by USAID’s Displaced Children and Orphan’s Fund (DCOF) and implemented by FHI 360 through the STRIVE project.

Economic Strengthening for Female Sex Workers: A Review of the Literature

Female sex workers (FSWs) have been identified as a key population in the global fight against AIDS. In concentrated, mixed, and even generalized epidemics, the contribution of sex work toward the onward transmission of HIV is substantial.  HIV risk is directly related to the economic vulnerability of FSWs, the vast majority of whom report entering sex work for financial reasons due to lack of alternative employment opportunities.