Resource Library

Browse for training, documents, and wiki content in our Resource Library with over 1,000 entries. Use the search box and/or filters on the left-hand side to refine the results by topic, document type, donor, and region/country.

Find a Resource

Showing 1649 results

5.2.1. Impacts of Informal Rules on Value Chain Performance

Impact on Access Overt discrimination in access to markets is often observed as a consequence of gender-based rules. Cultural norms that restrict women’s ability to travel outside the home or village, and to talk or directly interact with men are a common phenomenon. In parts of Pakistan, for example, women handicraft producers can not leave their houses to go to the market.

5.6.5. Gender Dimensions Framework

Whereas many gender frameworks are oriented specifically to understanding women's role as producers at the household level, the gender dimensions framework (GDF) is built to identify gender issues at all levels of the value chain. The GDF was adapted from another analytical tool, the Six Domains for Gender Analysis[1] that is used by USAID for its work in social sectors. The GDF looks at four key factors that shape gender within value chains:

5.6.8. Analytical Tools for Working with the Very Poor

There are a range of analytical tools available for application in working with the very poor, many of which are summarized in the toolkit Pathways out of Poverty:  Tools for Value Chain Development Practitioners.  Many of these tools are specifically applicable at the value chain selection and value chain analysis sections of the value chain project cycle, while other situational assessment tools can be applied through the cycle.

4.2.5. Overview of Very Poor Populations

Overview Poverty is commonly conceptualized in terms of income and measured using related indicators (e.g., percentage of people living on incomes of less than $1.25 or $2 per day).[1] Such measures are relatively simple to apply and do reflect a causal link between earnings and well-being. Yet although these indicators are informative, they risk an incorrect conclusion: that raising incomes alone is sufficient to reduce poverty.

5.6.3. Resources for Assessing Conflict

Assessing Conflict NORAD, Assessment of Sustainability Elements / Key Risk Factors: A Practical Guide[1]: This practical Guide is helpful in identifying and documenting the effects, impacts and risks programs face in conflict-affected situations.

4.1.4. Recommendations for Adapting the Value Chain Approach to Conflict-Affected Contexts

The following practical lessons can assist practitioners as they assess the conflict and consider the best way to move forward in designing and implementing a value chain project. The recommendations can be divided into three categories: those related to sequencing or timing of activities, those related to partnerships and collaboration with other actors, and those related to the flexibility required in conflict-affected contexts.

4.1.3. Applying a Conflict Lens throughout the Project Cycle

When selecting value chains for development during or following a conflict, implementers should start with multiple opportunities and seek to strike a balance between critical sectors for economic recovery and sectors that show potential for long-term competitiveness.

5.2.7. Hamre Framework

Selecting Pro-Poor Value Chains This paper serves as a guide [1] on the selection of value chains that benefit the poor. The goal of this framework is to determine how pro-poor a value chain is during selection. It adopts a blend of the two definitions of pro-poor (i.e. “reduction in inequality” and “absolute growth”).

2.7.6. Trust in Inter-Firm Relationships

Trust is expressed as a firm owner’s level of confidence when exposed to the risk of potential harm from another firm. For example, trust is the level of confidence an exporter has that its suppliers will make on-time deliveries. The exporter risks being harmed if its suppliers are unreliable, because then the exporter will be unable to deliver on advance contracts with its own buyers and the exporter may lose sales (and clients).

2.7.2. Benefits of Supportive Relationships

Ways in which Supportive Relationships Contribute to Competitiveness Supportive relationships contribute to industry competitiveness in a number of ways. In particular, they:

Two Trillion and Counting

The primary goal of this article is to offer what the authors believe is the first comprehensive assessment of the global MSME credit gap, including key insights regarding the somewhat bifurcated nature of the challenge that the MSME credit gap represents.