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Zimbabwe Employment Market Opportunity Analysis

The ASPIRES Zimbabwe DREAMS Job Demand Market Analysis lays out a strategy to support youth employment and microenterprise development programs that place adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in jobs or self-employment, building on a comprehensive job demand market analysis tailored to the situation of AGYW in Zimbabwe.

Market Information and Food Insecurity Response Analysis

Food aid has been a traditional response to addressing acute food insecurity. However, cash-based approaches are becoming increasingly widespread. Market Information and Food Insecurity Response Analysis (MIFIRA) provides a question-based framework to guide practitioners in determining whether to use food-based or cash-based support. The paper also presents the conditions under which each of these responses is most appropriate.

Bosasso Urban Household Economy Study: A special report by the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET – Somalia)

The Bosasso Urban Household Economy Study provides an example of the application of Household Economic Analysis (HEA) to an urban area in Somalia. The HEA included a wealth ranking process that identifies significant differences in wealth among the studied population as well as an analysis of food consumption patterns. From the data that are captured, implications are drawn for broad interventions to address the identified food insecurity issues.

Smallholder Commercialization: Processes, Determinants and Impact

This paper by the International Livestock Research Institute reviews the available literature on smallholder commercialization. Of particular interest, the paper discusses the arguments for smallholders to scale-up and commercialize existing food crops versus beginning to produce completely new crops specifically for sale. The production of high-value crops typically generates greater returns for producers, but also typically implies greater risks and barriers to entry. In general, commercialization is found to be positive for families, though the impacts vary.

Lessons Learned From 25 Years of Food Security Research, Capacity-Building, and Outreach

This resource provides a coherent and helpful summary of the Michigan State University (MSU)’s Food Security Group’s research, primarily from Sub-Saharan Africa. Lessons are presented in four areas: The first, Agricultural Growth and Food Security Strategies, suggests that small shrinking farm sizes in many countries will prevent many farmers from escaping poverty from on-farm production alone. Investments in education and non-agricultural sectors will be important.

Time to Learn: An Evaluation Strategy for Revitalized Foreign Assistance

Nearly a dozen high-profile reports and commissions have offered recommendations to the Administration on how U.S. foreign assistance should be restructured. Ranging from the organizational to the thematic, these recommendations provide a wealth of sometimes conflicting advice. There is a common thread, however, running through nearly all the recommendations: the need for improved evidence on foreign assistance effectiveness and accountability, with a particular call for “rigorous evaluation.”