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Role of Markets in Strengthening Social Resilience Capacities in Northeast Nigeria

This brief documents how a combination of livelihood support and economic collectives like village savings and loan associations (VSLAs) can develop financial and social sources of resilience in crisis contexts. In protracted crises, where the state has limited capacity or lacks the political will to provide for and protect its citizens, people rely on markets and social connections for protection, information, and economic resources. Resilience capacities such as agency and confidence in the future are equally important.

A Survey on COVID-19 Challenges and Responses Among Nepalese Food Businesses

In March 2021 FES began implementing its private sector food safety strategy in Nepal through Feed the Future Business Drivers for Food Safety (BD 4 FS), a project co created with and funded by USAID While implementing the BD4FS “Food Safety Situational Analysis”, the COVID 19 pandemic took a sharp turn for the worse in Nepal, almost completely shutting down the food system In response, the Government of Nepal imposed pre-emptive lockdown and prohibitory orders beginning March 2020 which led to widespread cessation of economic activities The impacts are pervasive, with small and medium size

LEAP III Ex-Post Evaluation of USAID/Zambia’s PROFIT+

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID)/Zambia requested the Learning, Evaluation, and Analysis III project (LEAP III) to conduct an ex-post evaluation of the Production, Finance, and Improved Technology Plus (PROFIT+) project, which was implemented from 2012 to 2017. The objective of PROFIT+ was to improve productivity, expand trade, and increase investments by developing functional market systems in rural areas.

LEAP III Egypt Private Sector Landscape Assessment

Egypt’s private sector is highly developed, employing approximately 70 percent of the country’s labor force. A dynamic and young population, large market size, and access to important foreign markets drive Egypt’s enormous economic potential. Despite this progress, significant obstacles dampen the country’s ability to recognize its potential for economic growth. Most micro-, small-, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) operate informally, and they contribute less than 30 percent to gross domestic product (GDP). The country has a complex and burdensome legal and regulatory system.

LEAP III Timor-Leste Customs Sector Assessment

To build upon the customs modernization reforms currently being undertaken by the Customs Authority in Timor-Leste, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Learning, Evaluation, and Analysis Project (LEAP III), on behalf of USAID/Timor-Leste, assessed the current operational and legal environment within the customs sector. The review sought, inter alia, to determine the Authority’s adherence to international norms and best practices, with a particular focus on trade facilitation.

Tracking the First- and Second-Order Impacts of COVID-19

In March 2021, the USAID Bureau for Policy, Planning, and Learning (USAID/PPL) COVID Analytics Team prepared "Tracking the First- and Second-Order Impacts of COVID-19," a concise landscape analysis examining the pandemic's impacts across USAID sectors and regions after one year.  The analysis explores six broad areas -- the health crisis, macroeconomic and mobility shocks, household-level impacts, shifts in democratic governance and civic engagement, national security, and climate change -- and leverages the best available data from USAID and external institutions to unders

Analysis of the North American Jewelry Market

USAID’s Commercially Viable Conflict-Free Gold Project, known locally as “Zahabu Safi” (Clean Gold), is a five-year program, implemented in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) by Global Communities and Levin Sources. The project aims to establish a responsible, commercially viable and conflict-free ASM gold supply chain from eastern DRC. A key objective for achieving the project’s vision is to increase demand for and co-investment in responsibly sourced ASM gold from eastern DRC.

The Enabling Environment for Food Traceability System Success

Widespread adoption of food traceability systems (FTS) holds the potential to provide several benefits for agricultural market systems, including mitigating food safety risks, improving market access and increasing productivity gains. Improvements in supply chain transparency from FTS adoption can also lead to an expansion of mutually beneficial trade between countries.

Women’s Economic Empowerment and Gender Equality in Trade Facilitation: The Role of Customs and Border Services

To bring clearer understanding of the problems of women-owned small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), USAID/E3/GenDev requested Banyan Global to conduct a women’s economic empowerment and gender equality (WEEGE) assessment in the area of cross-border trade, focusing on three questions: a) to what extent is women’s economic empowerment and gender equality integrated into customs and border agency services, operations, and personnel management, across various functions; b) how WEEGE gaps in services affect women participating in trade; and c) how processes, procedures, infrastructure, and

Sauti Trade Insights COVID-19 Bulletin

COVID-19 has imposed extreme challenges for East Africa’s micro and small enterprise traders. The Sauti Trade Insights COVID-19 Bulletin leverages Sauti East Africa's unique analytical perspective to document traders’ changes in business behaviour in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. We present key findings on the economic impacts of COVID-19 on traders, drawing on behavioural insights from our mobile-based market information platforms in Kenya and Rwanda. 

Learning Brief: The Impact of COVID-19 on Artisanal Gold Miners in Eastern DRC

USAID’s Commercially Viable Conflict-Free Gold Project, known locally as “Zahabu Safi” is a five-year program, implemented in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) by Global Communities and Levin Sources. The project is designed to build on recent successes achieved by donor-funded initiatives to export responsibly-produced gold to jewelry buyers in North America and Europe.

A Pragmatic Approach to Assessing System Change

These papers outline a process that programs can use to assess system changes regularly and practically. The 'Overview' summarises the approach and 'How to put it into practice' provides more detailed implementation guidance, worked examples, and useful tips.

Shock Responsive Programming and Adaptive Mechanisms

This resource was originally published on Learning Lab. This guidance is intended to inform USAID staff, especially Mission project design and management teams and OAA staff, on options for designing flexible, shock responsive programs and as well as options to respond to shocks through existing development programs that were not designed with shock responsiveness in mind. 

COVID-19 Rapid Market Impact Report

This post shares a new report from Mercy Corps highlighting how government restrictions to stop the spread of COVID-19 has impacted businesses, supply chain, markets and local economies.