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Tracking the First- and Second-Order Impacts of COVID-19

In March 2021, the USAID Bureau for Policy, Planning, and Learning (USAID/PPL) COVID Analytics Team prepared "Tracking the First- and Second-Order Impacts of COVID-19," a concise landscape analysis examining the pandemic's impacts across USAID sectors and regions after one year.  The analysis explores six broad areas -- the health crisis, macroeconomic and mobility shocks, household-level impacts, shifts in democratic governance and civic engagement, national security, and climate change -- and leverages the best available data from USAID and external institutions to unders

Emerging Insight #31: Discounted outpatient services: a way to keep clients

The Swayam Shikshan Prayog (SSP) project in India has found that the use of outpatient services by clients is associated with increased renewals. As an added benefit of its cashless inpatient health insurance product, SSP offers clients a discount of approximately 50 percent on consultation fees from a network of local physicians and a 40 to 70 percent discount on the retail price of drugs. This Emerging Insight highlights the project's observations around client behavior related to outpatient services.

Analysis of the Fisheries Sector in Sri Lanka

This study is part of a series of guided case studies aimed at exploring whether and under what conditions the application of a value chain approach can help accelerate economic growth in conflict-affected environments. This study attempts to ascertain the ability of a value chain analysis to determine the impact of the violent conflict and governance failures in Sri Lanka on the fisheries industry in the southern part of the country.

Social Networks and Insurance Take-Up: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in China

This Microinsurance Paper estimates the role of information in insurance take-up using data from a randomized experiment in rural China where information was either offered directly through financial education or accessed indirectly through social networks. Unlike previous studies, the experimental design allows to not only to identify the causal effect of social networks, but also to differentiate the various channels through which they operate, including the improvement of negotiating power, imitation, and social learning of insurance benefits.

Food Aid and Food Security in the Short and Long Run: Country Experience from Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa

This document, produced under a primer series on social safety nets, assesses the role of food aid in improving food availability and food access. It is based on a synthesis of experiences in four countries:  India, Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Zambia. It concludes that food aid does not have to create negative impacts, particularly if it is tied to the development of infrastructure that supports production and market linkages, avoids creating negative price effects for food producers, and reaches the food insecure.