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This brief documents how a combination of livelihood support and economic collectives like village savings and loan associations (VSLAs) can develop financial and social sources of resilience in crisis contexts. In protracted crises, where the state has limited capacity or lacks the political will to provide for and protect its citizens, people rely on markets and social connections for protection, information, and economic resources. Resilience capacities such as agency and confidence in the future are equally important.
Egypt’s private sector is highly developed, employing approximately 70 percent of the country’s labor force. A dynamic and young population, large market size, and access to important foreign markets drive Egypt’s enormous economic potential. Despite this progress, significant obstacles dampen the country’s ability to recognize its potential for economic growth. Most micro-, small-, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) operate informally, and they contribute less than 30 percent to gross domestic product (GDP). The country has a complex and burdensome legal and regulatory system.
To build upon the customs modernization reforms currently being undertaken by the Customs Authority in Timor-Leste, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Learning, Evaluation, and Analysis Project (LEAP III), on behalf of USAID/Timor-Leste, assessed the current operational and legal environment within the customs sector. The review sought, inter alia, to determine the Authority’s adherence to international norms and best practices, with a particular focus on trade facilitation.
USAID’s Commercially Viable Conflict-Free Gold Project, known locally as “Zahabu Safi” (Clean Gold), is a five-year program, implemented in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) by Global Communities and Levin Sources. The project aims to establish a responsible, commercially viable and conflict-free ASM gold supply chain from eastern DRC. A key objective for achieving the project’s vision is to increase demand for and co-investment in responsibly sourced ASM gold from eastern DRC.
The COVID-19 epidemic has created a serious negative impact not only on the health sector in the country but in all aspects of living. This post shares a rapid assessment report from SHOMOSHTI Project, CARE Bangladesh.
USAID’s EAT project led to the development of SeedCLIR. The data-driven tool was designed to enable countries to assess critical seed sector weaknesses, undertake targeted seed sector reforms and effectively gauge the performance of reform activities over time.
This Seed Commercial, Legal, and Institutional Reform study examines the enabling environment for seed across six provinces in eastern DRC. In assessing an informal seed sector in a fragile country context, the study holds key lessons for USAID resilience discussions.
This report analyzes recent experiences with renewable energy reverse auctions in El Salvador, Mexico, and Peru. The analysis focuses on the regulatory environment, characteristics, and results of the auctions, and financing of winning bids.
Drawing on a new ILO database, this report provides an up-to-date and realistic assessment of the global contribution of self-employment and micro- and small enterprises to employment – both in the formal and the informal economy.
This post introduces a case study, Confronting Organisational Challenges to Mainstreaming Women’s Economic Empowerment in Market Systems Development Programs: Lessons from AIP-Rural, authored by Holly Lard Krueger, Giulia Salmaso, and Dhita Larasati. This work was supported by a DFAT funded MSD program in Indonesia. This resource discusses common challenges and strategies to address them; as well as key lessons for program design.
This systematic review assessed outcome evidence of financial education and plural interventions aimed at reducing HIV vulnerability for youth, orphans and vulnerable children in low and middle-income countries.
This post highlights a paper from Market Development Facility. The paper aims to contribute to the broader conversation of the way in which market system programs grapple with, and can contribute to, women's economic empowerment.
This post highlights a resource from USAID/Bangladesh about the Agricultural Value Chains (AVC) project that used a market systems approach and forged partnerships with over 40 influential private sector firms.