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Role of Markets in Strengthening Social Resilience Capacities in Northeast Nigeria

This brief documents how a combination of livelihood support and economic collectives like village savings and loan associations (VSLAs) can develop financial and social sources of resilience in crisis contexts. In protracted crises, where the state has limited capacity or lacks the political will to provide for and protect its citizens, people rely on markets and social connections for protection, information, and economic resources. Resilience capacities such as agency and confidence in the future are equally important.

LEAP III Egypt Tourism Pre-Feasibility Study

This report, which was prepared at the request of USAID/Egypt, details the findings of a pre-feasibility study of three potential heritage projects under consideration by USAID/Egypt. Each proposed potential project involves the adaptive reuse of the following historical assets, all of which are located in Historic Cairo.

LEAP III 2020 Strategic Review of the USAID PACE Initiative

In 2013, USAID launched the Partnering to Accelerate Entrepreneurship (PACE) Initiative to catalyze private-sector investment to enable the growth of small and growing businesses (SGBs) operating in emerging economies. PACE-funded activities bridge the pioneering gap by 1) investing in early-stage enterprises, 2) encouraging approaches that combine private capital and philanthropy, 3) researching and sharing lessons learned, 4) testing ways to incubate entrepreneurs and connecting them with investors, and 5) making lending to entrepreneurs less risky through guarantees.

LEAP III Egypt Private Sector Landscape Assessment

Egypt’s private sector is highly developed, employing approximately 70 percent of the country’s labor force. A dynamic and young population, large market size, and access to important foreign markets drive Egypt’s enormous economic potential. Despite this progress, significant obstacles dampen the country’s ability to recognize its potential for economic growth. Most micro-, small-, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) operate informally, and they contribute less than 30 percent to gross domestic product (GDP). The country has a complex and burdensome legal and regulatory system.

LEAP III Timor-Leste Customs Sector Assessment

To build upon the customs modernization reforms currently being undertaken by the Customs Authority in Timor-Leste, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Learning, Evaluation, and Analysis Project (LEAP III), on behalf of USAID/Timor-Leste, assessed the current operational and legal environment within the customs sector. The review sought, inter alia, to determine the Authority’s adherence to international norms and best practices, with a particular focus on trade facilitation.

Analysis of the North American Jewelry Market

USAID’s Commercially Viable Conflict-Free Gold Project, known locally as “Zahabu Safi” (Clean Gold), is a five-year program, implemented in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) by Global Communities and Levin Sources. The project aims to establish a responsible, commercially viable and conflict-free ASM gold supply chain from eastern DRC. A key objective for achieving the project’s vision is to increase demand for and co-investment in responsibly sourced ASM gold from eastern DRC.

Adaptive Approaches To Facilitating Finance In Myanmar’s Agriculture Sector: A Review

“Adaptive Approaches to Facilitating Finance in Myanmar’s Agriculture Sector: A Review“ provides examples of how VCRD empowered banks, farmers, and agri-businesses to identify, evaluate and tap previously elusive – or simply unavailable – financing opportunities in Myanmar, including pre-season working capital loans, microfinance, credit for input purchases and equipment, and pre-procurement loans (trade financing) – in many cases for the first time.

SeedCLIR: Democratic Republic of the Congo

This Seed Commercial, Legal, and Institutional Reform study examines the enabling environment for seed across six provinces in eastern DRC. In assessing an informal seed sector in a fragile country context, the study holds key lessons for USAID resilience discussions.