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Annotated Bibliography on Research Methods

This document offers an annotated bibliography of key resources on applied quantitative and qualitative research methods and ethics to give guidance for development practitioners and researchers working in resource-poor settings and with orphans and vulnerable children (OVC).

Identifying Economic Status Indicators for Adolescent Girls in DREAMS Programs

The alarming gender and age disparity in the rate of new HIV infections in Sub-Saharan Africa has driven the development of new initiatives to address the needs of young women. One of these initiatives is DREAMS (Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored and Safe), a $385 million partnership to reduce HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women in 10 sub-Saharan African countries. DREAMS targets girls and young women aged 10-24 and their male sex partners.

Strengthening Financial Capabilities among Youth

ASPIRES supports the provision of financial capabilities training to thousands of young people in Kenya and South Africa, including approximately 50,000 adolescent girls and young women participating in DREAMS. Our participatory training program, developed with Save the Children, helps young people ages 14 to 24 link their dreams and goals to skills, knowledge, and attitudes related to responsible money management.

Vulnerability Assessments

Vulnerability assessments can help with designing programs to meet the needs of intended beneficiaries, more accurately target vulnerable households, and set indicative benchmarks for success.

Building the Skills of Youth to Engage in Employment, Entrepreneurship, and Education

Over the next decade, roughly one billion youth will enter the workforce. Young people, especially young women, who know how to find academic or vocational programs to expand their knowledge and skills, understand how to look for a job, are able to adapt to workplace dynamics, and are entrepreneurial will have the best chances of attaining sustainable livelihoods that enable them to avoid risky behaviors associated with HIV.

Skills-based, Participatory Training for HIV Risk Reduction Among Youth

To adopt healthy sexual behavior, young people need to have accurate information (key facts), opportunities to consider how this information applies to their lives (values and attitudes) and to feel good enough about themselves to think that they are worth looking after (self-esteem). They also need the skills to act on their new understanding, in a way that is consistent with their knowledge and values.

ASPIRES Côte d’Ivoire Vulnerability Assessment Case Study

The purpose of this case study is to outline how the ASPIRES project designed a vulnerability assessment for the context of Côte d’Ivoire and for the needs of the USAID Health Office’s PEPFAR-funded Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) programs, demonstrate the process of the appropriate selection of tools and methods, and share lessons learned from the experience.

Review of Vulnerability Assessment Methods for Reintegration and Prevention of Child Separation

This report was prepared to inform planning in the USAID-funded ASPIRES project. It includes a review of some of the existing tools used to assess vulnerability to either separation or negative child well-being outcomes with attention to economic security for the purposes of targeting households for program participation and matching them to appropriate interventions. ASPIRES is sharing this report as an information resource with the wider interested community given its relevance to other actors working in this area.

Community-Based Microfinance for Orphans and Vulnerable Children: Literature Review

This review presents a synthesis of the literature on the impact of community-based microfinance approaches on the well-being of vulnerable children and youth, with a specific focus on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). It aims to collect, organize, and assess evidence for economic strengthening (ES) activities and to inform practice in significant ways.  

ASPIRES South Africa Factsheet

The Accelerating Strategies for Practical Innovation & Research in Economic Strengthening (ASPIRES) project, funded by USAID/PEPFAR and managed by FHI 360, supports gender-sensitive programming, research, and learning to improve the economic security of highly vulnerable individuals, families, and children. We offer research and technical assistance activities for economic strengthening programs around the world, including a major technical assistance program to support youth resilience to the effects of HIV/AIDS in South Africa.

ASPIRES Factsheet

With the support of PEPFAR and USAID’s Office of HIV/AIDS (OHA) and Displaced Children and Orphans Fund (DCOF), FHI 360 has assembled a consortium of leading organizations and experts to address the needs of vulnerable populations, especially children, under the Accelerating Strategies for Practical Innovation & Research in Economic Strengthening (ASPIRES) project, an associate award under the