A Systemic Approach to Inclusive Markets for Refugees and Host Communities
This approach is not a “one-size-fits-all” approach, but is adjusted to the local context, legal framework and market realities. It promotes conducting a target group focussed socio-economic assessment and a market assessment to determine what interventions are needed to tackle identified constraints and promote refugee livelihoods sustainably
The crisis in Syria has meant an ongoing influx of large numbers of Syrian refugees and asylum-seekers into Egypt since 2011 while the economic situation is increasingly challenging for all residents. This paper relates working constraints of the food sector in Cairo, Alexandria and Damietta regions and provides and makes recommendations on how to expand existing businesses or start new ones for Syrian refugees and asylum-seekers.
Tunisia currently hosts 771 refugees (as of 2017), nearly 50 per cent of whom live in the Tunis Region. Conversely, a substantial number of positions for low skilled labor remain unfilled, particularly in the areas of commerce, services, and construction. This paper relates barriers to decent employment of refugees and asylum-seekers and makes recommendations on how to improve working conditions in the construction sector.
Ethiopia hosts nearly 900 000 forcibly displaced, most from South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia, and Eritrea. Many refugees in Ethiopia find themselves in protracted situations due to deteriorating security situations in their countries of origin, which impede swift return home. The increasing protractedness of refugee situations has, at a global level, spurred recognition that development interventions, wherever legally possible, need to focus on promoting the economic inclusion and self-sufficiency of refugees alongside their hosting communities, as reflected in the UN New York Declaration on refugees and migrants from September 2016. The ILO project “Promoting Livelihoods of Forcibly Displaced Persons and Host Communities in Jijiga, Ethiopia”, launched in January 2017 and financed by the German Ministry for Development Cooperation, seeks to adapt and test tools and approaches to promote livelihoods of forcibly displaced persons and their host communities in the Jijiga Region. As a first step, the project conducted an assessment that will inform the project strategy and determine interventions to a) develop skills and capacities of the target group to engage with the market and b) develop sectors and value chains with potential to diversify opportunities available to the target group. The overarching objective is to then derive recommendations for tools and approaches to promote livelihoods in context of forced displacement more broadly.
The East, Adamaoua, and Northern regions of Cameroon have been most severely impacted by the successive crises in the Central African Republic (CAR) with large influxes of refugees, notable during 2004-2008 and 2014-2015. Despite the subsequently tremendous pressure on local resources, refugees and members of the host community maintain a peaceful coexistence. This paper flags the problems of refugees and asylum-seekers in the mais and groundnut sector and provides with recommendations to increase incomes and create additional employment in the target regions.
Djibouti currently hosts over 27.000 refugees and asylum seekers. The country’s new refugee law, promulgated on 5 January 2017, equips refugees with rights that place them on equal footing with citizens. Although this is a radical departure from the situation before 2017, the enforcement of the new refugee law will likely require further work. Without knowledge and information, refugees will miss out on opportunities created by the new legal framework. This market systems analysis investigates why refugees are currently not fully exploiting these opportunities and provides recommendations to enhance the positive effects of this new law.
This market systems analysis elucidates the situation of refugees and asylum seekers in Zambia and provides recommendations for Meheba and Mayukwayukwa regions to strengthen access of farmers to high-quality inputs, increase know-how on the use of these inputs and modern farming techniques, and facilitate improved access to markets.
The focus of the Market Assessment & Value Chain Analysis assignment is on enabling refugees to become economically independent by re-orienting their subsistence activities to- wards production for sale on markets. This requires understanding mar- ket trends in selected sectors and value chains and supporting access to finance and entrepreneurship training to improve their market access. To the extent possible, the assignment should involve the local actors in the analytical work so that their capacity is built to undertake their own market and value chain assessments in the future.
Traditional livelihoods development projects for refugees usually focus on providing direct assistance, skill development without considering the broader market systems that the refugees are part of. This broader market system includes the sectors they are engaged in or may potentially get engaged, the support functions for those sectors to grow and also the rules and regulations that govern those sectors.
This report presents a value chain analysis for an economic sector of high employment and entrepreneurship potential to Syrian refugees in Egypt, namely the food services sector. The analysis begins with an examination of the socio-economic environment for refugees in Egypt, followed by an economic sector selection that involved the participation of main stakeholders. Subsequently, phase two of this project then included conducting several focus group discussions with Syrian refugees in Cairo, Alexandria and Damietta. The findings of these discussions revealed that Syrian refugees living in Egypt primarily work in three main economic sectors: Food (restaurants and food processing), furniture production and textile (ready-made garments). Furthermore, the focus group discussions revealed that there is a large segment of refugees that do not fall directly into any particular sector, but are more within a wide range of professions such as accounting, engineering, medical, legal, education, or home maintenance services.
L’objectif de cette analyse est de recueillir des informations relatives aux caractéristiques et au parcours des réfugiés, au milieu socio-économique dans lequel ils parviennent à gagner leur vie ainsi qu’au cadre juridique et aux fonctions de soutien disponibles.