Resource: Life skills, Employability and Training for Disadvantaged Youth: Evidence from a randomized evaluation design
This post introduces a resource published by YouthPower.org and originally appeared on the IZA Journal of Labor and Development. It explores youth training programs implemented in Latin America and the Caribbean. This paper was authored by Pablo Ibarraran, Laura Ripani, Bibiana Taboada, Juan Miguel Villa, and Brigida Garcia.
This paper presents an impact evaluation of a revamped version of the Dominican Republic’s youth training program Juventud y Empleo. The paper analyzes the impact of the program on traditional labor market outcomes and on outcomes related to youth behavior and lifestyle, expectations about the future and socio-emotional skills. In terms of labor market outcomes, the program has a positive impact on job formality for men of about 17 percent and there is also a seven percent increase in monthly earnings among those employed. However, there are no overall impacts on employment rates. Regarding non-labor market outcomes, the program reduces teenage pregnancy by five percentage points in the treatment group (about 45 percent), which is consistent with an overall increase in youth expectations about the future. The program also has a positive impact on non-cognitive skills as measured by three different scales. Scores improve between 0.08 and 0.16 standard deviations with the program. Although recent progress noted in the literature suggests that socio-emotional skills increase employability and quality of employment, the practical significance of the impacts is unclear, as there is only weak evidence that the life skills measures used are associated to better labor market performance. This is an area of growing interest and relevance that requires further research.
The full paper is available to download below.